Synthetic ephedrine and pseudoephedrine are found in over-the-counter decongestants and cold medicines and are used to treat asthma. Ephedrine is not approved in the United States as a drug for weight loss or to enhance athletic performance.
What products have ephedrine in it?
Ephedrine is available over-the-counter (OTC) as an oral medication in combination with the expectorant guaifenesin, and comes in the form of tablets, caplets, or syrup.
Common brands containing ephedrine:
- Primatene® Tablets.
- Store Brands (ex: Walmart’s “Equate” store brand or CVS Health store brand)
Where can ephedrine be found?
Ephedrine is obtained from the plant Ephedra sinica and other members of the genus Ephedra, from which the name of the substance is derived. Raw materials for the manufacture of ephedrine and traditional Chinese medicines are produced in China on a large scale.
What is ephedrine known as?
Summary. Ephedrine is an alpha and beta-adrenergic agonist indicated to treat hypotension under anesthesia, allergic conditions, bronchial asthma, and nasal congestion. Akovaz, Bronkaid, Corphedra, Emerphed, Primatene, Rezipres. Generic Name Ephedrine DrugBank Accession Number DB01364 Background.
What is Ephedrine used for?
Ephedrine is a central nervous system stimulant used to treat breathing problems (as a bronchodilator), nasal congestion (as a decongestant), low blood pressure problems (orthostatic hypotension), or myasthenia gravis.
What is a substitute for ephedrine?
Right after the FDA finally managed to ban ephedrine from dietary supplements another stimulant drug called synephrine (bitter orange) popped up in supplements to replace it.
What is the stimulant that contains ephedrine?
Amphetamines are derived from ephedra (Ephedra sinica), a plant native to China and Mongolia. For centuries, many cultures have used ephedra as a stimulant and for treating congestion and asthma, according to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH).
Is ephedrine an herb?
Ephedra (Ephedra sinica), also called ma huang, is an herb that has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for more than 5,000 years, primarily to treat asthma, bronchitis, and hay fever. Ephedra is also prescribed for symptoms of cold and flu, including nasal congestion, cough, fever, and chills.
Is ephedrine and pseudoephedrine the same?
Pseudoephedrine is a diastereomer of ephedrine and is readily reduced into methamphetamine or oxidized into methcathinone.
What over the counter drugs contain epinephrine?
The new Primatene® MIST, an epinephrine inhalation aerosol bronchodilator (0.125 mg L-epinephrine), is the only FDA-approved, over-the-counter (OTC) asthma medicine inhaler for the temporary relief of mild symptoms of intermittent asthma.
What is the difference between ephedra and ephedrine?
Ephedrine is a chemical contained in the ephedra herb. Ephedrine has medical uses, mostly in operating rooms and intensive care units. Its chemical properties raise blood pressure and heart rate and open up the large air passages in the lungs.
Does Primatene have ephedrine?
A tablet form of Primatene, containing ephedrine to open airways and an expectorant, guaifenesin, has remained on the market. On the Primatene Tablets site, Pfizer Consumer HealthCare, which distributes it, says they are kept behind the counter at pharmacies. The tablets are also sold online.