Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are a widely used type of antidepressant. They’re mainly prescribed to treat depression, particularly persistent or severe cases, and are often used in combination with a talking therapy such as cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
What is the most commonly prescribed SSRI?
Zoloft (sertraline): Zoloft is highly effective, although some people find it’s more likely than other SSRIs to cause diarrhea. Zoloft is the most commonly prescribed antidepressant; nearly 17% of those surveyed in the 2017 antidepressant use study reported that they had taken this medication.
What are SSRIs used for besides depression?
These include migraine, menopause, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and digestive system disorders. Other conditions treated with antidepressants included sexual dysfunction, premenstrual syndrome, post-traumatic stress disorder, urinary problems and bulimia.
What symptoms do SSRIs treat?
What are SSRI antidepressants used for? SSRI antidepressants help to relieve symptoms of depression such as low mood, irritability, feelings of worthlessness, restlessness, anxiety, and difficulty in sleeping.
Why do doctors prescribe SSRIs for anxiety?
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are usually the first choice of medication for treating social anxiety disorder (SAD). SSRIs affect your brain chemistry by slowing re-absorption of the neurotransmitter serotonin, a chemical that we think helps to regulate mood and anxiety.
What SSRI is best for anxiety?
The only SSRIs that are currently FDA-approved for this condition are sertraline (Zoloft) and immediate- and extended-release paroxetine (Paxil, Paxil CR). Extended-release venlafaxine (Effexor XR) — a serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) — is also FDA-approved to treat social anxiety disorder.
Is Prozac or Lexapro better?
When comparing Lexapro to Prozac, the authors found both drugs to be similarly effective. Another study, which was a review of many studies, compared antidepressants and initially found Lexapro to possibly be more effective and better tolerated than other antidepressants.
Is Xanax an SSRI?
Lexapro (escitalopram) and Xanax (alprazolam) are two different prescription drugs that can treat general anxiety as well as anxiety with depression. Lexapro is an SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) drug while Xanax is a benzodiazepine.
Are SSRIs good for anxiety?
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), which were designed to treat depression, are also effective for many anxiety disorders. They have revolutionized the treatment of anxiety, replacing chronic use of benzodiazepines (BZs). SSRIs are effective for OCD, PDs, phobias, PTSD, and GAD (see Table I).
Do SSRIs permanently change your brain?
They work by immediately increasing the amount of serotonin in the brain and by causing long term changes in brain function. However it can take weeks of treatment before a patient feels any effect and both beneficial effects and side effects can persist after treatment is stopped.
Does your brain go back to normal after antidepressants?
The process of healing the brain takes quite a bit longer than recovery from the acute symptoms. In fact, our best estimates are that it takes 6 to 9 months after you are no longer symptomatically depressed for your brain to entirely recover cognitive function and resilience.
Is Zoloft an SSRI?
Sertraline is known as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI).
What happens if a normal person takes antidepressants?
There is new reason to be cautious about using popular antidepressants in people who are not really depressed. For the first time, research has shown that a widely used antidepressant may cause subtle changes in brain structure and function when taken by those who are not depressed. The drug is sertraline.
What is better Prozac or Zoloft?
In a double-blind, clinical trial, both Zoloft and Prozac improved depression based on different scores for depression and anxiety as well as sleep. While both SSRIs were found to be effective, Zoloft was found to have lower severity of side effects.
Does SSRI cause weight gain?
Experts say that for up to 25% of people, most antidepressant medications — including the popular SSRI (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) drugs like Lexapro, Paxil, Prozac, and Zoloft — can cause a weight gain of 10 pounds or more.
What is the safest antidepressant for anxiety?
As of this writing, some of the anxiety medications with the fewest reported side effects and least risk of side effects include:
- Most Benzodiazepines (Xanax, Valium)
- Bupropion (Wellbutrin)
- Citalopram (Celexa – SSRI)
- Paroxetine (Paxil – SSRI)