What is the most common sedative drug used for pediatric?

Based upon observational studies, IV propofol, dexmedetomidine or etomidate is associated with effective sedation in over 99 percent of children undergoing CT compared with 97 to 98 percent of children receiving short-acting barbiturates or midazolam (table 1) [5,8-12].

What is pediatric sedation?

Sedation is when a type of medicine called a sedative is given to children to help them feel calm or sleepy. This medicine can be breathed in as a gas, taken as a drink, given by injection into a muscle or vein, or squirted up their nose.

What drugs are used for pediatric general anesthesia?

Desflurane, sevoflurane, and isoflurane are the most commonly used in pediatric clinical practice. Halothane is the prototypical pediatric inhalational agent; however, its use has decreased dramatically since the availability of isoflurane and sevoflurane. Enflurane is rarely used in children.

Which of the following sedating medications is the most commonly prescribed in pediatric practice?

A 24-hour contact telephone number should be provided for any issues or concerns. Table 2 compares various routes of sedation in clinical practice. Among the routes of sedation for pediatric dentistry, nitrous oxide is the most frequently used. This is mostly due to its efficacy, ease of use and safety.

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Which of the following drugs is primarily used in the sedation of pediatric patients having no analgesic effects?

Propofol is a unique medication that has no relation to either of the usual sedative classes (ie, benzodiazepines and barbiturates). It is a purely sedative agent without any analgesic or amnestic properties. Because of its high lipid solubility, propofol has a rapid onset of action (within 40 seconds).

What drugs are given for conscious sedation?

Among these are phenothiazines, butyrophenones, barbiturate and non-barbiturate hypnotics, benzodiazepines, and the hypno-analgesic, ketamine. As benzodiazepines offer both sedative and profound amnesic and anxiolytic effects, these drugs are used for conscious sedation worldwide.

What kind of sedation is used for baby MRI?

Propofol and pentobarbital are commonly used to sedate children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

What is the best drug for sedation?

Benzodiazepines are the most widely used group of sedative drugs. Due to their safety and improved effectiveness, they have largely replaced barbiturates as drugs of choice in the treatment of anxiety.

What is the most common drug used in general anesthesia?

Propofol (Diprivan®) is the most commonly used IV general anesthetic. In lower doses, it induces sleep while allowing a patient to continue breathing on their own. It is often utilized by anesthesiologist for sedation in addition to anxiolytics and analgesics.

How do you sedate a child?

Sedation medications can be given:

  1. Orally (your child takes a pill)
  2. Intranasally (spray injected into your child’s nostrils)
  3. Intramuscularly (an injection into your child’s muscle)
  4. Intravenously (an injection into your child’s vein)

What drugs are used for intubation?

[4] Common sedative agents used during rapid sequence intubation include etomidate, ketamine, and propofol. Commonly used neuromuscular blocking agents are succinylcholine and rocuronium. Certain induction agents and paralytic drugs may be more beneficial than others in certain clinical situations.

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