A barbiturate overdose occurs when someone takes more than the normal or recommended amount of this medicine. This can be by accident or on purpose. An overdose is life threatening. At fairly low doses, barbiturates may make you seem drunk or intoxicated. Barbiturates are addictive.
What is an example of a barbiturate drug?
Barbiturates are available under the following different brand names: amobarbital (Amytal), secobarbital (Seconal), butabarbital (Butisol), pentobarbital (Nembutal), belladonna and phenobarbital (Donnatal), butalbital/acetaminophen/caffeine (Esgic, Fioricet), and butalbital/aspirin/caffeine (Fiorinal Ascomp, Fortabs).
How does barbiturate affect the body?
Barbiturates increase the activity of a chemical in the brain that helps transmit signals. This chemical is known as gamma amino butyric acid (GABA). As a medication, they reduce muscle spasms, relieve anxiety, prevent seizures, and induce sleep.
What does a barbiturate high feel like?
People who abuse barbiturates use them to obtain a “high,” which is described as being similar to alcohol intoxication, or to counteract the effects of stimulant drugs. In small doses, the person who abuses barbiturates feels drowsy, disinhibited, and intoxicated.
How much barbiturate is lethal?
The toxic dose of barbiturates varies. However, an oral dose of one gram for most barbiturates can cause significant poisoning in an adult. Fatal cases of ingestion have occurred with doses ranging between 2.0 and 10.0 grams; the usual lethal blood level ranges from 40 to 80 mcg/mL.
What are the long term effects of barbiturates?
Barbiturate Long-Term Effects
Physical long-term effects associated with barbiturate use may include liver and heart damage, damage to the central nervous system, seizures, declines in cognitive function and decreased overall functionality.
Is caffeine a barbiturate?
Butalbital is a barbiturate that relaxes muscle contractions. Caffeine is a stimulant that relaxes blood vessels to improve blood flow. Acetaminophen, butalbital, caffeine, and codeine is a combination medicine used to treat tension headaches.
What drug makes you angry tired?
Barbiturates can affect memory and judgment. They can also make people feel depressed, angry, very tired, and cause mood swings.
Do barbiturates damage liver?
There have been no reports of liver injury associated with secobarbital, butabarbital or amobarbital. The barbiturates can cause allergic reactions and skin rashes, which may be accompanied by mild liver injury.
Do barbiturates help with pain?
Barbiturate and morphine are effective for the treatment of deafferentation pain and nociceptive pain, respectively. Lidocaine is effective for the treatment of neuropathic pain; ketamine, for allodynia; and benzodiazepine, for anxiety-related pain.
What are the signs of barbiturate poisoning?
Symptoms of barbiturate intoxication and overdose include:
- Altered level of consciousness.
- Difficulty in thinking.
- Drowsiness or coma.
- Faulty judgment.
- Lack of coordination.
- Shallow breathing.
- Slow, slurred speech.
Are barbiturates depressants?
Barbiturates are depressant drugs that slow down the central nervous system (CNS), and they are commonly used to treat issues like anxiety, headaches, insomnia, and seizures. Some can also be used as an effective anesthesia.
Are barbiturates addictive?
Barbiturates are highly addictive, prolonged use can lead to dependence upon the drug and if the drug is not taken, withdrawal symptoms may also occur.